Named after Robert Adam, 18th century architect; originally it was just Adams Street, after 18th century developer Samuel Adams. The brothers’ involvement locally covered much more than just Portland Place, notably Mansfield Street, where their development began in the late 1760s, while land to either side of Portland Place was built up by others working under them, including large parts of Devonshire Street, New Cavendish Street, Hallam Street and Great Portland Street – and a short stretch of Harley Street. A small-scale early initiative, emanating from All Saints, Margaret Street, was the All Saints Home for widows and orphans at No. Structural and other alterations were made at the Metropolitan Board of Works’ behest in 1884–5 under the architect J. G. Buckle, who oversaw further improvements including a proscenium wall in 1892. 4 (now 22) shortly after his marriage in 1880, was one such. In 1935 the station’s future was put in doubt by the proposed widening of Marylebone Lane, and in view of the increasing commercialization of what had (in part) formerly been a high-class residential neighbourhood, it was decided not to rebuild in the same locale. The introduction of promenade concerts under Henry Wood in 1895 was Newman’s most famous innovation. Alternate houses were given bay windows and new attic storeys, with dormer windows tricked out as pedimented Dutch gables. Its eastern boundary wall and southern access road – Paradise Street – boxed in a small area where a maze of courts, alleys and narrow streets developed. Once-artistic Bolsover Street was dismissed by an Edwardian commentator as ‘now a dull macadamised street in whose houses upholstering, steel-cutting, etc., are carried on’.21 Much of the west side became back premises of addresses in Great Portland Street, notably the massive Portland Court of 1905–11 between Clipstone and Carburton Street (pages ###), while the east side was restored to some dignity and respectability in the early years of George V’s reign by a group of neo-Georgian hostels for working women, Bentinck House, Chadwickham (Ills 24/6–7) and St Clement’s House (see Select Gazetteer below). In 1756 the Act for building the New Road from Paddington to Islington also stipulated a side road to connect the New Road with Great Portland Street. Between 1758 and 1772 William Berners signed a series of building agreements covering the whole of his property apart from the future Cleveland Street. The street grid was probably devised by Richard Norris, an architect-builder who is named as the Duke of Portland’s surveyor in deeds of 1778 for houses in Norton Street (now Bolsover Street) and Upper Charlton Street, a lost street which ran west of present-day Clipstone Mews. Edward Augustus Stratford of Baltinglass, Co. Wicklow, from 1777 the second Earl of Aldborough. Cavendish Mews North is named after Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, father of Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer, who married Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, landowner. London Heathrow (LHR) 21.3 km. Running east–west from the bottom of Cavendish Square to Marylebone Lane, this was known as Henrietta Street until renamed in 1938. Bisecting Steel’s Farm, a track starting from Oxford Street by the site of Rathbone Place ran north-west and emerged where Marylebone Lane and Marylebone High Street meet. But the presence of the BBC, at Portland Place from 1932 and expanding rapidly, followed shortly afterwards by the RIBA, turned the tide. This was lined with 28 Georgian houses and included two pubs: the Red Lion at No. The first building heard of on Little Conduit Close, in 1720, is the public house then or later called the Angel, at the top of Marylebone Lane, rebuilt in the 1770s.2 Systematic development took place over more than twenty years from 1776, much of it under building agreements with the builder-architect Samuel Adams and plasterer John Bayley. In exchange for other land, The Crown gave its land on the west side of Upper Harley Street to the Portland Estate, but kept land on the east side to build Nash’s Park Crescent. posted by means of enchone in June, 12 2017. Still largely faced with exposed brick, it is comparatively functional in appearance, though just as residential as its neighbours. The refuge girls, sent to the home by magistrate’s order, undertook laundry, housework and cooking by rota. The Radium Institute was amalgamated with Mount Vernon Hospital in 1938, the Riding House Street building becoming the central offices and outpatients’ department of the new body. It housed many functions, and was equipped with such up-to-date technology as electric lighting, hydraulic lifts and steam-coil heating (though open fires were provided in some rooms). From 1856 it was known as the Spinal Hospital for the Cure of Deformities, and in 1862 merged with the Great Northern (later Royal Northern) Hospital as its Orthopaedic Department. One of the fears expressed by residents about John Nash’s accepted proposals for the new route to Regent’s Park in the 1810s was the potentially damaging effect of through traffic, especially the kind of bucolic ‘through traffic’ habitually found on the New (now Marylebone) Road. Its eastern limit was set by a strip of Berners property along the west side of Wrastling Lane/Green Lane, and its northern edge by the New (Marylebone–Euston) Road, newly laid out in the 1750s. It closed in 1903 and the church was finally demolished in about 1907. A separate ‘Cripples’ Nursery’ was opened in Old Quebec Street. A gap for a new street on the line of Wrastling Lane, between the Middlesex Hospital and the parish boundary, had been left when the north side of Charles (now Mortimer) Street was built up in 1766. From the late nineteenth century the houses were increasingly occupied as nursing homes or their lower floors by the medical profession. With its further extension east blocked, Queen Anne Street became Queen Anne Street West, its counterpart beyond Foley House becoming Foley Place (now Langham Street) and Queen Anne Street East (now Foley Street). ... there is Marylebone tube station within 550 metres of the hotel. When the engineer Major John Hanway, who was used to overseeing building projects, began leasing plots for houses here, they lined a street running in an arc across his triangle of land so as to avoid existing yards to its north and south, and to connect with the two major roads to its east and south (now Tottenham Court Road and Oxford Street). Planned Closure. When she died in 1755 the title to the Marylebone estate passed to her daughter, wife of the 2nd Duke of Portland, as Cavendish–Harley heiress. Commanding the chicane that links Portland Place to Regent Street, Broadcasting House is the pale, ethereal Pollux to the Langham Hotel’s earthy Castor. At the corner with Edward Street, the eastern house was lost to the formation of Regent Street but its western equivalent survives as No. In the ten houses comprising Eccleston’s (otherwise Eagleton’s) Buildings, 129 people occupied the 24 (out of 26) inhabited rooms, which relied on a single cesspit. The limits of the main part of the estate were Oxford Street on the south, Wells Street on the west and Riding House Street on the north, the eastern boundary running between Newman Street and Rathbone Place. The Gatwick Express travels directly to London Victoria Station in 30 minutes. Starting a Sunday school was one standard response; less usual was the opening in 1844 of the Western Asylum for the Houseless Poor in two houses on the west side of Upper Ogle Street. Ogle Court and Ogle Mews running off it to the east were both being built up in the 1770s. Chapel Place took its name after the nearby St Peter, Vere Street church, formerly a chapel of ease. Facing debts of almost £375,000 in 1737, he put his affairs into the hands of trustees, and Thomas prepared his ‘memorial’ to help them decide whether or not to sell the estate. The Howard de Walden Nurses Home and Club was opened on Langham Street in 1891 to promote the supply of private nurses at fair rates of pay and conditions. 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