The strained relationship between the Marquess of Queensberry and his son, Lord Alfred Douglas, is usually blamed on the relationship Douglas, or “Bosie,” had with Oscar Wilde, who subsequently endured two years in prison after he was convicted of gross indecency. 10 famous open letters that caught the public’s imagination 10 Martin Luther King Jr’s letter from Birmingham Jail. Miss Cellania • Friday, December 7, 2012 at 5:00 AM. “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere,” King wrote. One way or the other, you’ll surely find many of them to be thought-provoking and entertaining. All historical characters are indexed alphabetically and by group of interest, profession, and then some. Sometimes the oration was so unexpected that we don’t even have the text of the original speech. The first letter, reportedly from Queen Atossa around 500 b.c., established the genre and made letters the most normal, effective form of long-distance communication for millennia. Sensing he might be busy, Bedell suggested that Lincoln let any of his daughters reply on his behalf. But it is by love and admiration that we should live.”. 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Here are a few of our favorites. In it, he alerted the president to work being conducted by scientists such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard that may one day soon result in a “nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium.” The consequences of such an achievement, Einstein wrote, would be “extremely powerful bombs of a new type.”. He also threatened that if the government did not intervene soon, he might be forced to send some of their brothers to give the Ku Klux Klan “a taste of their own medicine.”. The letter contained lots of errors. Recipients:"Fellow Clergymen" Key statements:"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere"; "Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds." Check out some of the most famous last words of iconic people in history. Having said that, some are fascinating and the book is full of interest. Knowing the last words that someone spoke can sometimes throw light on their character or on the circumstances in which they died. Almost two thousand years ago some very famous last words were spoken in Luke 24:5-6, "Why do you look for the living among the dead? Whether literally the last words spoken before death or famous words spoken at a crucial time these words have great impact. In an age of emails and texts, it's rare that we sit and reflect on our relationships the way couples used to do in love letters. 5. Emails may take up the bulk of our correspondence these days, but there was a time when a handwritten letter carried a considerable amount of weight—far more than the paper it was composed on. Just that morning a local newspaper had run an ad imploring people to “wear a red rose” to help defeat the amendment, “the most important issue that has confronted the South since the Civil War.”, When the amendment finally came up for a vote after prolonged discussion, Burn surprised observers by voting in favor of it. The History of Love Letters. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was the Republican candidate for president. Abraham Lincoln personally replied to the missive four days later. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. “Don’t forget to be a good boy,” she admonished. Although Sackett didn’t make much progress, another operative, Benjamin Tallmadge, did. ... From Florence Nightingale to Alexander the Great, discover the stories behind famous faces who changed the world. This boy was none other than Fidel Castro. Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955)Einstein was one of the greatest of all physicists and his name has become a symbol of genius. Albert Einstein’s 1939 letter to President Franklin Roosevelt is described as one of the most significant letters in recent history. These men changed the course of history. If you’ve heard of any speech on this list, it’s probably this one. The first letter was to request King’s presence and support in an outdoor rally. Its popularity signaled a global revolution for the written word.” Outstanding selection of great letters from ancient times to the 21st century, touching on power, love, art, sex, faith, and war. But that combination of apt, passionate words, delivered at the right moment, sometimes changes the course of history. In 1527 King Henry VIII put his royal pen to use writing a love letter to the... A letter which could have inspired Abraham Lincoln’s signature look. Allama Iqbal. For the legions of readers who enjoyed 100 Diagrams that Changed the World and A History of the World in 100 Objects, here is a new take on understanding world history through the most important, impassioned, and world-changing letters ever penned. Words can inflame hatred or raise spirits. He also wrote that Douglas pushed him to his doom by exploiting his weakness. The letter that prompted Abraham Lincoln to grow a beard. Often the speaker was not the most famous person in the room, or was not giving the keynote address. One of the most fateful telegrams in history was perhaps the very first, sent by Samuel F.B. On March 1, 1932, Adolf Hitler wrote a letter to the State of Brunswick requesting a leave so he could be allowed to campaign in the forthcoming presidential election for the Reich. In an age of emails and texts, it's rare that we sit and reflect on our relationships the way couples used to do in love letters. George Washington had a problem. The form, medium, and content may have changed, but the purpose … ... don’t forget to check out these split-second decisions that changed history. Despite the apprehension, Lincoln did grow a beard—perhaps the most famous one in American history. He also pointed out that he could provide the Duke with several methods that he could use to launch assaults and defend himself. By men such as Kennedy, King, and Castro. 7 Times Powerful Words Have Changed History. Throughout history, the human voice has always been a powerful weapon for change. To be, or not to be, that is … When Roosevelt received the letter, he told his military advisor, General Edwin Watson, to take action. I passed over the famous Fanny Burney letter describing a horrendous without anaesthetic: it comes in a variety of selections and is too painful to read. These famous love letters will inspire you to craft the perfect message. Washington offered Sackett $50 a month to develop a network of spies and a system of espionage that could gather intelligence. First Class Mail: 5 Letters That Changed History. It was one of the most important moments in modern history, unlike these 9 famous … And then there are the innumerable published letters of the famous (or infamous) – authors, politicians etc.etc. That might have been it, but five years later, the U.S. decided to invade the actual country. Originally Published: February 04, 2020. He was also clean-shaven, a look in stark contrast to the images and portrayals of a fully-bearded president that would endure well past his presidency. We asked you to vote on a shortlist of 100 figures selected by 10 experts. When he failed to rouse any volunteers beyond an inexperienced young man named Nathan Hale—who was captured and hanged in just under two weeks—Washington wrote a letter to a proven operative named Nathaniel Sackett. The form, medium, and content may have changed, but the purpose … Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955)Einstein was one of the greatest of all physicists and his name has become a symbol of genius. Few justify the subheading Letters that Changed the World. A list of famous speeches that changed the world. Here are seven famous 20th-century names listed in alphabetical order to avoid any ranking. Check out some of the most famous last words of iconic people in history. The Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army was in the midst of a struggle that saw the American colonies trying to separate themselves from Great Britain. What inspired Abe Lincoln to grow a beard? Keep calm and carry on. – Thou shalt have no other gods before me. As he puts it, “I am a boy, but I think very much.” The letter got to the State Department on November 27, 1940, but never got to Roosevelt, who died without ever knowing who Fidel Castro was. Documents that Changed the World is an ongoing podcast series by Janes that explores the origin and often evolving meaning of historical documents both famous and less known. The short letter ended with Franklin’s declaration that their friendship was over and that the both of them were enemies from that moment onward. In "The Visual History of Type" designer Paul McNeil charts how typefaces have reflected social and ideological evolution. Modern history is filled with famous photos like these, images that speak to all of us in ways we can sometimes barely articulate. The letter, which was sent on January 24, 1960, was inspired by a photograph of the president barbecuing a quail in a newspaper. Before America began the fight for its independence, one of her foremost founding fathers, Benjamin Franklin, was close friends with William Strahan, a prominent printer, publisher, and member of the British Parliament. 5 Letters That Changed the World 1. Tennessee became the 36th state to do so, cementing the three-fourths of states needed in order to grant women the right to vote. Most letters are meant for private consumption, so it isn’t surprising that they often reveal astounding secrets when we snoop through them. He appealed to him to follow in his own footsteps of nonviolence, as he had achieved much with his method. Often the speaker was not the most famous person in the room, or was not giving the keynote address. The grisly thought about a deathbed might be quite unnerving for anyone, but not for these famous people. ... Every once in a century, there comes along a human being who brings about a... Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. On the way to his 1861 inauguration, he arranged to make a stop in Bedell’s hometown of Westfield, New York, to let her know he had taken her advice to heart. In the letter, King argued passionately against the idea of waiting patiently for social change to be enacted. Instead, King used whatever materials he could—including the margins of newspapers and paper provided by his lawyer—and spent the week he was locked up formulating an eloquent and measured response to criticism from the local clergy that protests weren’t the answer. The book has left an indelible mark on generations and is a valuable lesson in looking at the world through another person’s eyes. Little is known about the other three letters Einstein sent to President Roosevelt. The piece, which was later published in The Atlantic as well as King’s own book, 1964’s Why We Can’t Wait, was viewed as a rallying cry for activism during a crucial period in history and as documentation of the movement itself. Upon receipt of the initial letter, Roosevelt also promised to fund Szilard’s research into nuclear fission. Find out who topped our poll below… When civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was jailed in Birmingham, Alabama, on April 12, 1963 for participating in a march without a permit, he did not use the time to sit idle. The final letter, also possibly penned by Szilard, stated that it was Szilard himself who first brought up the concept of nuclear weaponry. In the letter, he told King of the plight of the people of St. Augustine. Almost two thousand years ago some very famous last words were spoken in Luke 24:5-6, "Why do you look for the living among the dead? That letter was later described by Einstein as one of the greatest mistakes of his life. The history of the world as witnessed through the most inspiring, heartfelt, and impactful letters ever written. While still in prison at Reading Gaol, Wilde penned a letter to Douglas. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. Grace Bedell would later meet the newly elected—and bearded—president when he came to Westfield in 1861. Main Blog > First Class Mail: 5 Letters That Changed History. Collectively, the letters set into motion a chain of events leading to the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb, which was deployed in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 and helped bring an end to World War II. King James Bible, Exodus Chapter 20. The letter from Albert Einstein that started the Atomic Age. To mark Pen Heaven’s Handwriting Matters campaign, we have put together a list of important letters where the authors changed the course of history simply by putting pen to paper. Miss Cellania • Friday, December 7, 2012 at 5:00 AM. In the letter, Malcolm X told King that if President John F. Kennedy, a capitalist, and Russian leader Khrushchev, a communist, could find something in common, then the two of them could also find something in common. Morse in 1844. Some historians believe that the letter was likely drafted by Leo Szilard with Einstein only applying his signature to it. In the letter, Einstein cautioned the president that the Germans may develop a powerful weapon. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. The letter … The prominent Indian philosopher ended the letter with an apology to Hitler in case his letter caused him any discomfort. When those funds were late in coming, Szilard wrote the president again and threatened to publish a paper he'd written that detailed some of the information needed to make a nuclear weapon—unless Roosevelt made good on his promise. Hidden out of the public's sight, tucked away in the deepest of archives, lie stacks of correspondence that changed the world (or at least tried). Here are a few of our favorites. 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