[187] Japan's plans in space exploration include building a moon base and landing astronauts by 2030. ", "Japan Targets to Export More Ships, Revive Global Market Share", "Trends in the Visitor Arrivals to Japan by Year", "The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017", "Germany Breaks Korea's Six-Year Streak as Most Innovative Nation", "How much does your country invest in R&D? [80] It has the 17th highest natural disaster risk as measured in the 2016 World Risk Index. [203], Responsibility for the water and sanitation sector is shared between the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, in charge of water supply for domestic use; the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, in charge of water resources development as well as sanitation; the Ministry of the Environment, in charge of ambient water quality and environmental preservation; and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, in charge of performance benchmarking of utilities. 47. Kawaguchiko, Japan - September 19, 2019: An old man receiving Stone money, throwing coins to the buddhist shrined. After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted an isolationist foreign policy. Many instruments, such as the koto, were introduced in the 9th and 10th centuries. Japan is the eleventh-most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. [139] The Japan Coast Guard guards territorial waters surrounding Japan and uses surveillance and control countermeasures against smuggling, marine environmental crime, poaching, piracy, spy ships, unauthorized foreign fishing vessels, and illegal immigration. [31], Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. The country is home to more than 33,000 with at least 100 years of history — over 40 percent of the world’s total, … [326] The country hosted the official 2006 Basketball World Championship[327] and will co-host the 2023 Basketball World Championship. : gov't", "Urban population (% of total population)", "Labor-starved Japan welcomes return of foreign workers", "The history of human populations in the Japanese Archipelago inferred from genome-wide SNP data with a special reference to the Ainu and the Ryukyuan populations", "Peruvians Struggling to Find a Place in Japanese Society", "Life expectancy at birth, total (years)", "Numbers tell tale of Japan's postwar rise and fall", "The economic challenge of Japan's aging crisis", "The Mystery of Why Japanese People Are Having So Few Babies", "The world is running out of Japanese people", "Number of children in Japan shrinks to new record low", "More seniors, more foreigners: How Japan is changing", "New immigration rules to stir up Japan's regional rentals scene — if they work", "Women between Religion and Spirituality: Observing Religious Experience in Everyday Japanese Life", "Why Japan Wants Its Past Persecution of Christians to Be World Renowned", "Shadow of surveillance looms over Japan's Muslims", "No. [219] The Japanese population is rapidly aging as a result of a post–World War II baby boom followed by a decrease in birth rates. [79], Japan is substantially prone to earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes because of its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. [85], The Pacific coast features a humid subtropical climate that experiences milder winters with occasional snowfall and hot, humid summers because of the southeast seasonal wind. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. [289] The national holidays in Japan are New Year's Day on January 1, Coming of Age Day on the second Monday of January, National Foundation Day on February 11, The Emperor's Birthday on February 23, Vernal Equinox Day on March 20 or 21, Shōwa Day on April 29, Constitution Memorial Day on May 3, Greenery Day on May 4, Children's Day on May 5, Marine Day on the third Monday of July, Mountain Day on August 11, Respect for the Aged Day on the third Monday of September, Autumnal Equinox on September 23 or 24, Health and Sports Day on the second Monday of October, Culture Day on November 3, and Labor Thanksgiving Day on November 23. [244] Since the 1947 Fundamental Law of Education, compulsory education in Japan comprises elementary and junior high school, which together last for nine years. [69], Japan comprises 6852 islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. 38. [82] Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century;[83] the 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000 people. [127], Japan is the second-highest-ranked Asian country in the Global Peace Index 2020. [91] Japan has over 90,000 species of wildlife as of 2019[update],[92] including the brown bear, the Japanese macaque, the Japanese raccoon dog, the small Japanese field mouse, and the Japanese giant salamander. Login to Comment; Join today! [272][273], During the Edo period, the chōnin ("townspeople") overtook the samurai aristocracy as producers and consumers of literature. [84] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, which triggered a large tsunami. [2] Japan has the sixth longest coastline in the world at 29,751 km (18,486 mi). [287], Officially, Japan has 16 national, government-recognized holidays. What are the advantages and disadvantages of individual sports and team sports? A leader in the automotive and electronics industries, Japan has made significant contributions to science and technology. [213] Zainichi Koreans,[214] Chinese,[215] Filipinos,[216] Brazilians mostly of Japanese descent,[217] and Peruvians mostly of Japanese descent are among the small minority groups in Japan. 44. [99] Japan ranks 20th in the 2018 Environmental Performance Index, which measures a nation's commitment to environmental sustainability. According to police, Takeshi Yamaguchi beat his mother Kazuko about the head and face between Dec 30 and Jan 3 at their home in Meito Ward,… [88] As the host and signatory of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, Japan is under treaty obligation to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps to curb climate change. Japan Mixed Franking Censored Cover to Capetown South Africa 1947-8. 34. [252] In 2017, the country ranked third for the percentage of 25- to 64-year-olds that have attained tertiary education with 51 percent. Tokyo [141][142] According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, among the member states of the UN that report statistics as of 2018[update], the incidence rates of violent crimes such as murder, abduction, sexual violence and robbery are very low in Japan. [329] The country gained the hosting rights for the official Women's Volleyball World Championship on five occasions, more than any other nation. [34] The Kamakura shogunate repelled Mongol invasions in 1274 and 1281 but was eventually overthrown by Emperor Go-Daigo. About 98% of the population receives piped water supply from public utilities. In 2014, Japan's consumer video game market grossed $9.6 billion, with $5.8 billion coming from mobile gaming. What is the point of view of the story servant girl by estrella d alfon? Kōchi, 40. [236] Other minority religions include Hinduism, Judaism, and Baháʼí Faith, as well as the animist beliefs of the Ainu. [74] Japan's main import markets as of 2019[update] were China (23.5 percent), the United States (11 percent), and Australia (6.3 percent). Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? [164] Japan has sparked controversy by supporting commercial whaling. [227] Upper estimates suggest that 84–96 percent of the Japanese population subscribe to Shinto as its indigenous religion. [109] Since the late 19th century, the judicial system has been largely based on the civil law of Europe, notably Germany. Virus Free [29] The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and became popular among the samurai class. [249] Japan is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, math and sciences with the average student scoring 529 and has one of the world's highest-educated labor forces among OECD countries. [310] Japanese martial arts such as judo and kendo are taught as part of the compulsory junior high school curriculum. Since then, together with the economic expansion of Japan, the yen has become one of the major currencies of the world. During this period, the first known written reference to Japan was recorded in the Chinese Book of Han in the first century AD. They range from subtropical moist broadleaf forests in the Ryūkyū and Bonin Islands, to temperate broadleaf and mixed forests in the mild climate regions of the main islands, to temperate coniferous forests in the cold, winter portions of the northern islands. Long Answer: According to the historical book Nihonshoki (translated as The Chronicles of Japan), emperor Jimmu founded Japan on February 11th 660 BC. What is the first and second vision of mirza? Kyoto [101] In 2020 the government of Japan announced a target of carbon-neutrality by 2050. [53] The Allies (led by the United States) repatriated millions of Japanese settlers from their former colonies and military camps throughout Asia, largely eliminating the Japanese empire and its influence over the territories it conquered. [26] These legal reforms created the ritsuryō state, a system of Chinese-style centralized government that remained in place for half a millennium. Kotodama (言霊) refers to the Japanese belief that mystical powers dwell in words and names. [13] The first version of the name in English appears in a book published in 1577, which spelled the name as Giapan in a translation of a 1565 Portuguese letter. Saga Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains Self-Defense Forces that are ranked as the world's fourth-most powerful military. 9. Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee. Okinawa, A member state of the United Nations since 1956, Japan is one of the G4 nations seeking reform of the Security Council. on paper kiloware! Japan Lifts Decades Old Arms Ban In April 2014, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his cabinet approved a measure that lifted Japan's ban on weapons exports. [45], In 1854, Commodore Matthew Perry and the "Black Ships" of the United States Navy forced the opening of Japan to the outside world with the Convention of Kanagawa. 410,661 Views; 0 Comments; 0 Favorites; Share; Tweet; Flip; Email; Pin It; Embed: Use old embed code. C $12.74 shipping. Manchuria through Baekche to Japan in 270 AD; this was led by [65], In 1947, Japan adopted a new constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices. Ōita [278] Western classical music, introduced in the late 19th century, forms an integral part of Japanese culture. [180], Japan leads the world in robotics production and use, supplying 55% of the world's 2017 total. Old Man n Banjo Figurine Napcoware Japan C-5699 Collectible~Colorful Bisque ~6.5" (16.5cm) Japan Detailed Face~Brown n Greens Excellent Gift EpochElegance From shop EpochElegance [120], Japan's relationship with South Korea had historically been strained because of Japan's treatment of Koreans during Japanese colonial rule, particularly over the issue of comfort women. [77][78] As of 2014[update], approximately 0.5% of Japan's total area is reclaimed land (umetatechi). [58] In 1936, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Nazi Germany; the 1940 Tripartite Pact made it one of the Axis Powers. [199] The Sendai Nuclear Power Plant restarted in 2015,[200] and since then several other nuclear power plants have been restarted. [301] Japanese television dramas are viewed both within Japan and internationally;[302] other popular shows are in the genres of variety shows, comedy, and news programs. [108], Historically influenced by Chinese law, the Japanese legal system developed independently during the Edo period through texts such as Kujikata Osadamegaki. The largest lunar mission since the Apollo program, its purpose was to gather data on the moon's origin and evolution. So the answer is [261] Japanese manga developed in the 20th century and have become popular worldwide. It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. [292] Japanese curry, since its introduction to Japan from British India, is so widely consumed that it can be termed a national dish, alongside ramen and sushi. [231], Christianity was first introduced into Japan by Jesuit missions starting in 1549. 45. In 2015, Japan agreed to settle the comfort women dispute with South Korea by issuing a formal apology and paying money to the surviving comfort women. 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