They moved to Colaba in October where they assisted escorting Italian POWS up country. The 2nd Battalion attacked Ovillers on the first day of the Somme offensive and had 437 casualties. He was then moved to the 3rd Royal Berkshire Regiment, finally he was transferred to the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry and he became a Corporal. As time progressed and the situation stabilized whole platoons were drafted away to other units that required reinforcements due to battlefield casualties. They had been overrun and virtually wiped out. Early part of year in Suffolk training in spring moved to Northumberland becoming part of the mobile reserve. MOT (Military Observation Team) from 1st Battalion the Royal Gloucester, Berkshire and Wiltshire Light Infantry (1 RGBWLI) visits mountain villages near Mazar-e Sharif as part of the PRT (Provincial Reconstruction Team). The battalion was growing well. 30th Battalion, the Goldfinch Detachment at Badminton which formed the Guard for Queen Mary. At this time some men from this battalion were linked with their comrades in the 7th battalion into a new unit for combined operational work, a forerunner of the commandos. The Battalion was in the Front Line on Christmas Day. Their first job was to relieve the 1st East Surreys in trenches at Fauquissart and there they suffered terribly from trench foot and other illness’s caused by the abrupt change of climate. They initially acted as a mobile reserve in the Oxfordshire Area. On arrival at Ahmednagar they reorganised and continued training taking on board some of the lesson learned in the Arakan. In launching the attack, the division crossed the Garigliano on the battalion front, after which the 168 Brigade prepared to follow. They remained in the line until the 23rd December, when it went back to Lechelle where then spent Christmas. They immediately embarked on a hard round of training In December they journeyed across India to Chittagong arriving on Christmas eve. In 2007 another round of amalgamations meant the Light Infantry was merged with The Devonshire and Dorset Light Infantry, The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Light Infantry and The Royal Green Jackets to form The Rifles. Because Southern Ireland was not at war with Germany the border became one of the areas to patrol. Their they were inspected by the Corps Commander whose farewell message was “The corps is in fine fettle, and fit to engage in battle with Germans or anyone else”. In the early hours of Christmas morning they moved into Lille. The battalion in early 1939 was stationed at Blackdown, Aldershot as part of 6thBrigade, 2nd Division (Same as 1914). Then, in early 1918, the 6th (Service) Battalion was disbanded in France due to a manpower shortage where all infantry brigades were reduced from four to three infantry battalions to make up for the shortage and the men of the disbanded 6th were sent to the 1st, 2nd and 5th battalions. For a more detailed examination of what each battalion did in the Second World War go to the War Diaries Section of this Web site. By the following day the complete battalion assembled at Reading. He was attached to the 111th Company of the Chinese Labour Corps. They were brought up to strength both in men and weaponry. The 5th (Service) Battalion was part of the First New Army, part of Kitchener's Army, and joined the 35th Brigade attached to the 12th (Eastern) Division. The antecedent Infantry Regiments that originate from the counties of Berkshire and Wiltshire form part of the Golden Thread linking all Regiments to the present day Rifles Regiment. Their next action was at Bihecourt-Pine Copse on 2nd April 1917. At the end of a second action at Oppy on the 3rd May the battalion was down to 2 officers, both wounded and 94 other ranks. , The 70th (Young Soldiers) Battalion was raised in 1940 from the younger personnel of the 8th (Home Service) Battalion and mainly consisted of soldiers around the age of 18-19 who had volunteered for the British Army. The month of May was spent road building. In July they moved to Wymondham to carry out even further exercises for a month after which they returned to the coast remaining there for the rest of the year. The battalion left Northern Ireland in January for Colchester, and later Aylesbury. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Both Battalions mobilised and were sent to the Western Front where they spent the next four years. When the Germans attacked through the Ardennes they were formed into a mobile column. At the end of the war the 2nd Battalion remained in Burma, becoming the last British Regiment to leave that country. The remnant of the battalion had to withdraw to reform and recuperate and the rest of the summer and early autumn was spent near Vermelles with only a few periods of trench duty. There a major reorganisation took place. In 1915 it was designated the 145th Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division. 1.4 - 4th Battalion The Rifles. The war ended with the 8th at Le Cateau. It was here that they spent Christmas. In October they left for Northern Ireland where they became part of the Belfast Garrison. After this series of events the battalion had lost 35% of its strength. The 8th lost 493 and was reduced to 2 officers and 184 men. The home-based battalion was to provide drafts to the battalion on foreign duty as required. The final British offensive began on the 8th August with the Battle of Amiens with 8th in action at Gressaire Wood. Both side fought themselves to a stand still until a truce was brokered to remove the wounded from both sides. 1st Battalion soldiers moving into the line on the 21st August 1918 at Ayette. They became the 158th and 159th Companies of the newly formed Labour Corps on 12th May 1917 and virtually severed all links with the rest of the Regiment. Intensive patrolling took place over the next ten days. Bugle Horn – the bugle horn badge of the Light Infantry, now surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, is the regiment's cap badge. This part of the campaign took place up to early December when a completely exhausted battalion were relieved. All the battalion officers became casualties during the confused fighting that followed. The next few days they fought a valiant retreat until they were withdrawn on the 30th March. The King's own Yorkshire Light Infantry Memorial, Tyne Cot Cemetery, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Here they lived in tents and the duties were a repeat of those carried out in England in as much as they were guarding. On the 30th March the battalion carried out two very successful fighting patrols causing the enemy to withdraw. In November they were sent to Ireland where they were based at Portobello Barracks, Dublin. Towards the end of February they left St Riquier and went to Waterscheide, a small mining village in eastern Belgium. In October they regrouped near Arras, followed by trench duties in different parts of the front line. When the battalion left the area the two platoons remained at the express wish of the Queen. The early part of the year was spent in the trenches lasting until spring. In February 1918 the order was given to reduce each Brigade to three rather than four Battalions and the 6th Battalion were dropped from 53rd Brigade and disbanded, most of the men going to other Royal Berkshire Battalions. On the 12th June they were transferred back to the British Army and moved to near Dieppe where the 2nd Battalion was rebuilt. In mid January together with the rest of the Division they took up a sector of the line at La Vacquerie where in February they received a draft of 10 officers and 160 men from the recently disbanded 6th Battalion. The Battalion continued with their duties of training new recruits, looked after wounded soldiers who were re-graded and reposted. Regimental Depot, Brock Barracks, Reading. The regiment was created in 1881, as the Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), by the amalgamation of the 49th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot and the 66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot. To allow the London Irish to concentrate for an attack on Castelforte, a company was sent to Lorenzo, where they themselves were attacked. They were destined to Land on Juno Beach as part of the Canadian 3rd Division. From this position long range patrols were carried out, some with great success. During the year they had lost 779 men. They advance eight miles the following day. The main attack took place on the 19th. The battalion started the move towards Kohima that was under siege and being held by a small but resilient band. 77th Indian Infantry Brigade : 13th King's Liverpool Regiment : 3/2nd Gurkha Rifles : 142 Commando Company : 2nd Burma Rifles : Eight RAF sections : A mule transport company : Commander: Brigadier Orde Wingate, DSO: late Royal Artillery: Brigade Major: Major R.B.G. On the 9thOctober they relocated to Coleraine where they occupied Gribbons factory, a grim and forbidding building. On the 29th October the battalion, complete in officers and men, followed. In March they went to Belgaum for further training in jungle warfare. The first contingent of Reservists being inspected on the square at the Depot, Brock Barracks, Reading, August, 1914. The country was covered in dense scrub which made movement so slow that after several hours of tiring march the force had only reached the small staging post of Tofrek, about eight miles from Suakin. They spent the early part of the year continuing the training but in June they received the devastating news that they were to be disbanded. Entering the Battle around 20 April 1944, the 1st Royal Berkshires continued to fight the Japanese for a further three weeks in horrendous conditions, and suffered just over 50% casualties. H Hour was 2 am on the morning of the 24th March and two companies were to cross in the first wave. A nice frosted silver cap badge with two lugs to the rear. However, this was a far from peaceful time. After a short rest they were re-deployed to Anzio as part of an independent brigade group, landing on the 2nd February and taking up a position north of the town . England, Copyright © The Rifles Wardrobe and Museum Trust 2019, The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, The Duke of Edinburghs Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire), The Berkshire Regiment 1881-1885 The Royal Berkshire Regiment 1885-1959, The 49th (Hertfordshire) Regiment 1743-1881, The Militia, Volunteers and Territorial Army. The cost in deaths was heavy with the Royal Berkshires losing 6,688 men. They were later awarded the battle honours of 'Suakin 1885' 'and 'Tofrek'. On the 5th August they took part in the General Advance after the German defences were breached at Etna. C Company (Royal Berkshire) at Newbury, successor to 4th/6th Bn The Royal Berkshire Regt (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) 1969.04.01 TAVR III element reduced to cadre as The Royal Berkshire Territorials at Reading, sponsored by 71 Signal Regiment (V), less A Company converted as 94 (Berkshire Yeomanry) Signal Squadron (V) It was based at Cambridge Barracks in Portsmouth and was formed of men who were deemed not suitable for front line duties. In November they went to Bombay returning to Ahmednagar on the 1stDecember. The 2nd Battalion was serving at Jhansi, India when war was declared. It was erected in honour of the men of the 2nd Battalion Royal Berkshire Regiment who fought and died there and reads; Erected to commemorate the fierce fighting in the clearance and final capture of Mandalay Hill by the 2nd Bn. Full description. This training tempo continued for the rest of the year. That afternoon the battalion experienced the heaviest shelling they had ever experienced, but still they held. The next few months were spent in the unremitting mud and carnage of Flanders. The first stage, under Cardwell in 1873, introduced a "localisation scheme". In May they were ordered to Bovington Camp, near Wool and in June they were changed from a service battalion to a reserve battalion. This continued on the third day. Some managed to penetrate the as yet unfinished zaribas and the Berkshires were able to grab their rifles only moments before the main body of the enemy attacked. When the Armistice came on the 11th November the 5th were at Vieux Cond and then retired to winter quarters at Erre near Valenciennes.. Demobilization began on the 1st Jan 1919 and Colours were presented on the 14th February 1919. The Royal Berkshire Light Infantry. From that point the battalion was rebuilt and they were re-designated as a ‘Bank Group’ Although the objective was a secret, everyone knew it was The Rhine. The Light Infantry 1968-2007 ... Berkshire and Wiltshire Light Infantry" July 2005 : Northern Ireland "The Troubles" 1969- General Service Medal 1962-clasp: Northern Ireland: numbers:? The 1/4th Battalion was part of the South Midland Brigade of the South Midland Division. James Herbert Benyon, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire, inspects men of the 4th Battalion of the Royal Berkshire Regiment at Newbury Racecourse, October 1914. The next few months were spent on patrols and capturing hills one by one with the odd raid on the Bulgar lines to capture prisoners. The next three months were spent in and out of trenches including Christmas day when they took part in the Christmas Truce. After landing they made their way to the assembly area at Florida. The final point of the Retreat was reached on 7th September when they reached Le Poteau. The Battalion arrived in France on the 25th July 1915 and sustained their first casualty when Pte S Danby was wounded by a shell whilst they were practising trench warfare. On the 14th the attack stated when the Germans opened fire with everything they had. After some stiff training they again attacked on the 3rd March attacking Pallas and Fritz trenches, all objectives were gained. Get images that. There are over 32,000 Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry service and pension records (for this regiment - and its antecedents) in various War Office series held at the National Archives. February saw the Battalion involved in Operation ‘Green Dragon’ where they re-learnt the lessons of Burma, the value of animal transport in difficult terrain. The regiment, in common with the rest of the British Army, saw a huge expansion during the First World War and many service battalions, for war service only, were created from volunteers for Kitchener's New Armies. 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