62–63, 67–69. Thus a part of the challenge for Guru Har Rai was to keep Sikhs united. Authentic literature about Guru Har Rai life and times are scarce, he left no texts of his own and some Sikh texts composed later spell his name as "Hari Rai". Aurangzeb claimed that it disparaged the Muslims. An epidemic of smallpox swept through Delhi when the guru was visiting, and he selflessly tended to the patients irrespective of their religion, caste, or community. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). The young guru displayed great maturity and wisdom despite being a small child and soon endeared himself to the followers of Sikhism. Guru ji,s father was Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, the 7 th Guru of Sikhs and Guru ji’s mother was Mata Kishan Kaur( Mata Sulakhni ji). Guru Har Kishen was appointed Guru when he was five years and three months old. At age 10, in 1640, Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Kishan Kaur (sometimes also referred to as Sulakhni) the daughter of Daya Ram.They had two children, Ram Rai and Har Krishan, the latter of whom became the eighth Guru..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}J. S. Grewal (1998). Even though he was just a small child when he assumed the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Krishan was very wise and mature beyond his age. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs. He was the son of Guru Har Rai Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs and his wife, Bibi Sulakhni who is also known as Mata Krishan Kaur. Aurangzeb was convinced that this small boy was indeed a spiritual person. He also added the akhand kirtan or continuous scripture singing tradition of Sikhism, as well as the tradition of jotian da kirtan or collective folk choral singing of scriptures. Shri Guru Har Krishan Ji was the eighth of the Ten human shape Gurus of Sikhism. His father died while he was 8 years old. [7][8] Some of the biographies of Guru Har Rai written in the 18th century such as by Kesar Singh Chhibber, and the 19th-century Sikh literature are highly inconsistent. The period of Guru Har Rai (1630–61) was a relatively peaceful one. Cambridge University Press. The guru accepted the one with the holy man’s garb. After considerable thought, the guru decided to visit Aurangzeb and set out on his journey. http://www.turbantrainingcentre.com/dhan-dhan-sri-guru-harkrishan-sahib-ji/, http://sikhgurusandgurdwaras.info/wordpress/?attachment_id=1053, http://www.vismaadnaad.org/guru-harkrishan-ji.php. Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 - 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. He otherwise further boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs. . His elder brother Ram Rai was ignored for Guruship. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. He possessed an extraordinary ability in explaining the passages from the Holy Granth and enlightened the listeners with his commentaries. Guru Jee was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib Jee and Mata Krishan Kaur Jee (Sulakhni Jee). When the guru reached Delhi, he was respectfully welcomed by Raja Jai Singh and the Sikhs of Delhi. Amazed by this incident, Lal Chand became an ardent devotee of the guru. [3], In the Sikh tradition, Guru Har Rai was asked why he was helping the Mughal prince Dara Shikoh whose forefathers had persecuted Sikhs and Sikh Gurus. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. He withdrew from Kiratpur and moved farther back into... Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. Shree Guru Har Krishan Ji Sewa Inc. is a California Domestic Corporation filed on April 17, 2002. Guru Har Krishan (23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was born on 23 july and he is the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. At age 10, in 1640, Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Kishan Kaur (sometimes also referred to as Sulakhni) the daughter of Daya Ram.They had two children, Ram Rai and Har Krishan, the latter of whom became the eighth Guru.J. Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai Ji designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as … Guru Har Rai (em panjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਰਾਇ, ɡʊru həɾ ɾɑɪ) (16 de janeiro de 1630 — 6 de outubro de 1661) foi o sétimo dos gurus siques.Ele tornou-se guru em 8 de março de 1644, aos 14 anos, [1] seguindo os passos de seu avô. The guru began tending to the patients without worrying for his own health. [3][4], Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. Before his death in October 1661, Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Guru Har Krishan … His had a tenure of only 2 years, 5 months and 24 days, yet within this short period he served humanity to the best of his ability. [3] He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen years, till his death at age 31. Sri Guru Har Krishan Sen. Sec. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai … pp. This post has been excerpted from an article originally appearing in the Spring 2015 SDI Ministry Newsletter. Har Krishan was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was the eighth of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of Sikhism.He was the second son of the seventh Guru, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). School Shin Bhatti Gurdaspur is feeling blessed. Guru Har Krishan’s Sacrifice Posted July 22, 2020 by Sikh Dharma Ministry & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Sikh History. He carried on the legacy of his predecessors and possessed a rare ability in explaining passages from the Holy Granth. Sri Guru Har Krishan Jee was born at Kiratpur Sahib. The guru felt that his elder son Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire and thus chose Har Krishan as the future guru even though the boy was just five years old. The Sikh devotees were inconsolable at the untimely death of Guru Har Rai and it was the new Guru Har Krishan who consoled the followers, telling them to accept the God’s will. Before Guru Ji died, he nominated Guru Har Krishan Ji, his son, as the next Guru of the Sikhs. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). So he asked him to come to the Delhi court. The Sikhs of the Punjab. The Sikh community across the world celebrates 364th Parkash Purab of the eighth Guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib on July 14. He was the youngest son of Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji. The infant Har Rai was born in Kirat Pur and received his name from his grandfather, Guru Har Govind (Gobind) Sodhi. [14][15], He appointed new masands such as Bhai Jodh, Bhai Gonda, Bhai Nattha, Bhagat Bhagwan (for eastern India), Bhai Pheru (for Rajathan), Bhai Bhagat (also known as Bairagi), as the heads of Manji's. HAR KRISHAN, GURU (1656-1664), the eighth Guru or prophet teacher of the Sikh faith, was the younger son of Guru Har Rai (1630-61) and Mata Sulakkham. 62–63, 67–69. Guru Har Krishan was born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). When it became apparent that the guru would not survive, the Sikhs tearfully asked him to name his successor. After meeting the guru Aurangzeb became convinced of his holiness. Even though he died at the young age of 31, he made many significant contributions to the religion of Sikhism within his short life. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19th March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Hargobind Ji. Dhir Mal attempted to form a parallel Sikh tradition and criticized his grand father and sixth Guru Hargobind. He was the second child of the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). At that time, Delhi was being ravaged by a severe epidemic of cholera and smallpox. The people watching the miracle bowed their heads in humility. Ropar in Punjab. The Raja decided to test the guru’s intelligence and asked him to identify the queen from among a group of well-dressed ladies. With great wisdom, he accepted the suffering as God’s will. [2][4] Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai is remembered for excommunicating his elder son, and nominating his younger son Har Krishan to succeed him. Guru Har Kishen who was the second and the youngest son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishan Kaur, was born on 7th of July, 1656 at Kiratpur. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of all the Sikh Gurus. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-har-krishan-6781.php Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. He was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib. His malady soon developed into small pox and his young body was ravaged with the disease. [5] Har Krishan became the eighth Guru at age 5 after Guru Har Rai's death in 1661. [2][3] According to Mughal records, Guru Har Rai provided other forms of support to Dara Shikoh as he and his brother Aurangzeb battled for rights to succession. Thi… Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the young guru and asked him to come to the Mughal court. After Guru Har Rai there was dispute about succession of Guruship between Ram Rai and Guru Har Krishan so Aurangzeb summoned Guru to Delhi, but mother of Guru was terribly afraid of Aurangzeb So Mirza Raja Jai Singh of Jaipur sent his troops to Kiratpur to escort him to Delhi and gave his personal assurance for Guru’s Security. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. S. Grewal (1998). The guru called the man and asked him to explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad gita. Guru ji were the 8 th Guru of Sikhs. The Muslim population was so touched by his selfless service that they called him “Bala Pir” (child prophet). Ram Rai, the elder son, had proved himself unfit to be Guru because he had changed the lines from the Granth. Prior to passing ceaselessly in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had announced that his more youthful child Har Krishan, would be the following Sikh Guru. The Sikhs of the Punjab. There he stayed in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow where hordes of people came to see him and seek his blessings. Har Rai had one elder brother Dhir Mal. Guru Har Rai Ji is the seventh Guru of the Sikhs. He was born on 7 July 1656 at Kiratpur, in the Sivalik hills, in present day Ropar district of the Punjab. When he was near Panjokhara, a Sikh requested him to spend a day there as several devotees from faraway places were coming to meet the guru. He became the youngest guru in Sikhism when he succeeded his father Guru Har Rai on 7 October 1661 as a five year old. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni Ji). Before passing away in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had declared that his younger son Har Krishan, would be the next Sikh Guru . ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0. Guru Har Rai Sahib had two sons: Sri Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Sahib Ji(Guru). Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (Wednesday, 23 July 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 – 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. His father, the seventh Sikh Guru died at the young age of 31 and named Har Krishan as his successor. (1640 A.D.) He had two sons named Ram Rai and Har Krishan Ji. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab,India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). The Registered Agent on file for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave, Chatsworth, CA 91311. Their names were Ram Rai and Har Krishan. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. The sixth Guru disagreed with Dhir Mal, and designated the younger Har Rai as the successor. The guru travelled through Ropar, Banur and Ambala on his way to Delhi. [6], Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. Guru Har Rai Sahib was a man of peace but he never disbanded or discharged the armed Sikh Warriors(Saint Soldiers), who earlier were maintained by his grandfather (Guru Hargobind Sahib). [3], After Aurangzeb won the succession war in 1658, he summoned Guru Har Rai in 1660 to explain his support for the executed Dara Shikoh. Guru Har Rai named Har Krishan as his successor before his death. His mother Nilhal Kaur, was the wife of Gur Ditta, the eldest son of Damodari and Guru Har Govind. The guru easily recognized the real queen. Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Ram Rai to represent him. He was married in 1697 B.S. According to sources, the emperor presented the guru with two large trays, one with ornaments, clothes and toys, and the other with a holy man's cloak and cowl. Hari Krishen’s older brother Ram Rai, already in favour with the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, protested Hari Krishen’s appointment as the Guru.Aurangzeb called the eight-year-old Hari Krishen to Delhi to decide the matter, and the boy arrived there during a severe cholera epidemic.After restoring many people to health, he himself fell ill with smallpox. Guru Har Rai had two sons. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Guru Har Rai Sahib was the Son of Baba Gurdita and Mata Nihal Kaur (also known as … [6], The third Sikh leader Guru Amar Das had started the tradition of appointing manji (zones of religious administration with an appointed chief called sangatias),[11][12] introduced the dasvandh ("the tenth" of income) system of revenue collection in the name of Guru and as pooled community religious resource,[13] and the famed langar tradition of Sikhism where anyone, without discrimination of any kind, could get a free meal in a communal seating. Indian Male, See the events in life of Guru Har Krishan in Chronological Order. Aurangzeb kept Ram Rai as hostage, questioned Ram Rai about a verse in the Adi Granth – the holy text of Sikhs at that time. His elder brother Dhir Mal had gained encouragement and support from Shah Jahan, with free land grants and Mughal sponsorship. Guru Har Krishan was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. The guru agreed. Cambridge University Press. Guru Har Rai (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː ɦəɾ ɾaːɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661)[1] revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. Before Guru Ji died, he nominated Guru Har Krishan Ji, his son, as the next Guru of the Sikhs. He became Guru Ji at the age of five. Sri Guru Har Krishan ji was born to Sri Guru Har Rai ji, the seventh guru of Sikhs, and Mata Krishan Kaur 1656 in Kiratpur Sahib on Sawan Vadi 10, Bikrami Samvat 1713. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the guru. A very kind hearted person, Guru Har Krishan wholeheartedly served the patients of smallpox during an epidemic and himself contracted the disease as a result. [2] He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. The company's filing status is listed as Dissolved and its File Number is C2411731. He had one elder brother Ram Rai. Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. [9], Guru Har Rai provided medical care to Dara Shikoh, possibly when he had been poisoned by Mughal operatives. He was born to father Baba Gurditta and mother Nihal Kaur. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai was in residence. [1] Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Ram Rai, the elder brother of Guru Harkrishan Sahib was ex-communicated and disinherited due to his anti-Guru Ghar activities, as stated earlier and Sri Harkrishan Sahib Ji at the age of about five years, was declared as Eighth Nanak Guru by his father Guru Har Rai Sahib before his death in 1661. He died of the disease at the age of eight. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0.. He started several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism. Known to be a very compassionate and kind person, he was concerned not only about the welfare of human beings, but also that of the animals. At the same time, Chhajju Ram, an illiterate, village water-carrier of a low caste passed by. Ultimately, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy from Islam. His granduncle Tegh Bahadur, who was living in the town of Baba Bakala, was recognized as his successor. Aos cinco anos de idade tornou-se o guru mais jovem do siquismo em 7 de outubro de 1661, sucedendo seu pai, Guru Har Rai, o sétimo guru sique. The katha or discourse style recitals were added by Guru Har Rai, to the sabad kirtan singing tradition of Sikhs. Spiritual & Religious Leaders In 1660, Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Rai to appear before him to explain his relationship with Dara Shikoh. Sikh History his grand father and guru har krishan rai Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ( Sulakhni Ji ) the... 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