endobj endobj This limiting paradigm left women with only two choices: to act as “the angel in the house”- domestic, passive, placid or to deviate from such expectations and be “bad” or “mad”. endobj 6 0 obj In this sense, the madness that descends upon the female character is a deliberate dramatic representation of the crippling pressures imposed on women writers and the suffering they endure in their literary career. Since contemporary medical science defined women in biologically terms as inherently and naturally inferior, an ostensibly legitimate basis was provided to ensure that women be assigned to the home with no life beyond that of marriage, child rearing and household duties. <> endobj The poetics of hysterics: Feminine madness in Victorian English and modern Chinese women's literature. endobj In Victorian society, the home was the basis of morality and a sanctuary free from the corruption of the city. Victorian codes of social conduct required a passivity of women, heavily restricting their freedom in order to behave in a way deemed respectable and befitting of a genteel lady. It is therefore no coincidence then that Literature’s mad women have had in common traits of intelligence, independent thinking, outspokenness and an irrepressible sensuality. There is a lot of material online (see the Wellcome Library Catalogue) concerning the Contagious Diseases Acts, where venereal diseases were regarded in UK Legislation as somehow a peculiarly female problem, as if wom… 1 The condition of Hysteria and other related illnesses was specifically gendered as a female affliction, literally stemming from the womb and thus contemporary medical science methods of treating such disorders … <> <> <> The “angel” character was pure, dispassionate, and submissive; in other words, the ideal female figure in a male-dominated society. endobj After discovering the case-notes of women in Victorian asylums, Diana Peschier reveals how mental illness was recorded by both medical practitioners and in the popular literature of the era, and why madness became so closely associated with femininity. But while madness in Victorian fiction has been much studied, most scholarship has focused on the portrayal of madness in women; male mental disorder in the period has suffered comparative … Despite the book’s weaknesses, The Femme Fatale in Victorian Literature can serve for undergraduates as a general introduction to … <> ( Log Out /  Many women had begun to speak up about their views that were previously muted by the fear of the predominant male-led society. <> Her published works include Charlotte Brontë and Victorian Psychology and The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature,Science and Medicine, 1840-1900. From the Renaissance to the current day, hysteria has been read primarily as a female diagnosis. Showalter is a specialist in Victorian literature and the Fin-de-siècle (turn of the 19th century). Women and Madness in the 19 th Century ... literature of the time. Victorian Literature is rife with female characters who suffer, or at least appear to suffer, from a variety of mental illnesses. Amanda Engineer, Lesie Hall, and Julia Sheppard. 29 0 obj 28 0 obj Sally Shuttleworth is Professor of English Literature at the University of Oxford, where she specialises in Victorian literature and the inter-relations of literature and science. 484 0 obj endobj Change ). endobj The femme fatale rebels against the limitations placed on Victorian women, and her selfish conniving reveals the economic injustices women are subject to. Victorian Literature is rife with female characters who suffer, or at least appear to suffer, from a variety of mental illnesses. The analysis focuses on three distinct, but at times interconnected, themes. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination is a 1979 book by Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar, in which they examine Victorian literature from a feminist perspective. 2020-02-04T12:56:19-08:00 488 0 obj 3 0 obj <> endobj Hence, female writers tend to depict the plight they encounter in their literary experience through their female characters' madness. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. endobj By associating suicide with women who !!!!! 485 0 obj <> The mad heroines of classic Victorian fiction have long been objects of fascination. endobj Appligent AppendPDF Pro 6.3 According to Gilbert and Gubar, all female characters in male-authored books can be categorized as either the “angel” or the “monster.”. Book Description: Victorian literature is rife with scenes of madness, with mental disorder functioning as everything from a simple plot device to a commentary on the foundations of Victorian society. x��YYo7~7����Z��x�|�M��Z!E�A�|!�%������Cr�����€��s�7����i{w�Xn��o����by{��>O��͗����j�qqs���ޭg����:�M/e%d5�>>7��$�RW�n�y�p|ī������IU���3g�wΫi���z�]?�c�)ΙVU#Y�50��p��j��D�09%k���U�WK�l�F�������xb&��I 뛪U-�O����Z��m��dQ��e�K��E���e��S�����[O�Z��Z��}�z��U��ad�~��u*�fl�[��*��(�KH��>��ݚwa��[�� ��~���S������ܚ��������L��ƮmQ�+6P��'�8 ���:A*���Gk5� 3�w��q���K��Tɥ�q�2�UO��� ��ZK���]�&0��Y�c�X�s��Z&2����h� %PDF-1.7 %���� Valerie Pedlar. Women have been depicted as particularly vulnerable to confinement in asylums. Prince 12.5 (www.princexml.com) Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. 493 0 obj 31 0 obj 1 Victor Bailey, “This Rash Act”: Suicide Across the Life Cycle in the Victorian … Braddon and Ouida,” Natalie Schroeder makes the claim that feminism in women’s fiction was a major concern of contemporary critics. Jenny’s plight is an example of “demonic domestic possession,” which uses the supernatural to examine the limitations of Victorian women, especially within the confines of marriage (Lynch 75). In her essay “Feminine Sensationalism, Eroticism, and Self-Assertion: M.E. female madness in contemporary dramatic literature as compared to the medical model used during the era in which it was written as well as the social and cultural conditions and expectations of the period. 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